Multi tenancy enterprise
Multi tenancy provides users with the ability to define boundaries to multiple engineering teams working on a single cluster. Through a simple interface it adds permissions to the necessary Kubernetes resources to make it easy for customers to manage their multiple tenants.
WGE multi tenancy expands on the multi tenancy feature provided by
flux. In addition to creating the necessary Kubernetes tenancy resources that
flux adds, multi tenancy in WGE also adds the following:
- Defining tenancy using a single yaml file that serves as a source of truth for the organization
- Makes use of WGE policy features to enforce non Kubernetes native permissions
How it works
gitops command line tool is responsible for creating the multi tenancy resources. The tool is distributed as part of WGE offering. It reads the definitions of a yaml file and can either apply the necessary changes directly to the cluster or output it to stdout so it can be saved into a file and pushed to a repo to be reconciled by
To make use of the policy features, policy agent needs to be installed in the necessary cluster(s).
Below is an example of a tenancy file:
- name: first-tenant
- name: second-tenant
- kind: GitRepository
- kind: GitRepository
- kind: Bucket
- kind: HelmRepository
- kubeConfig: cluster-1-kubeconfig
- kubeConfig: cluster-2-kubeconfig
- name: foo-role
The file above defines two tenants:
second-tenant as follows:
namespaces: describes which namespaces should be part of the tenant. Meaning that users who are part of the tenant would have access on those namespaces.
allowedRepositories: limits the
fluxrepositories sources that can be used in the tenant's namespaces. This is done through policies and thus requires
policy-agentto be deployed on the cluster which will stop these sources from being deployed if they aren't allowed as part of the tenant. IT consists of:
fluxsource kind. Can be:
url: the URL for that source.
allowedClusters: limits which secrets containing cluster configuraton can be used. It stops WGE
Kustomizationfrom being deployed if they point to a secret not in the list, essentially giving control on which cluster can be added to a multi-cluster setup. Requires
kubeConfig: name of the secret that can be used for this tenant.
teamRBAC: Generate Roles and Rolebindings for a list of
groupNames. This allows you to easily give an OIDC group access to a tenant's resources. When the Weave Gitops Enterprise UI is configured with your OIDC provider, tenants can log in and view the status of the resources they have been granted access to.
deploymentRBAC: generate Roles and Rolebindings for a service account. Can additionally bind to an existing Roles/ClusterRoles. Would use the global service account if specified in the tenants file, otherwise it will use the created service account which takes the tenant name. If not specified a Rolebinding would be created that binds to
serviceAccount: Override the name of the generated
ServiceAccountfor all tenants. This allows you to easily use the flux controllers'
--default-service-accountfeature. Tenants do not need to make sure they correctly specify the
HelmReleaseresources. The kustomization-controller and helm-controller will instead look for the
default-service-accountin the namespace being reconciled to and use that. Just configure
--default-service-accountto the same value.
Gitops create tenants command
The command creates the necessary resources to apply multi tenancy on the user's cluster. To use the command to apply the resources directly the user needs to have the necessary configuration to connect to the desired cluster. The command considers the tenancy file as a source of truth and will change the cluster state to match what is currently described in the file.
For more control on a specific tenant a tenancy file should be used, the command allows the creation of the base resources that defines a tenancy through the arguments:
gitops create tenants --name test-tenant --namespace test-ns1 --namespace test-ns2
The above will create the namespaces and permissions through a
ServiceAccount with the same name as the tenant in that case
test-tenant in each required namespace.
The same can be done through a file as follows:
gitops create tenants --from-file tenants.yaml
To apply the same resources, the file should look like this:
- name: test-tenant
To check the resources that would be deployed first use the
gitops create tenants --from-file tenants.yaml --export
Applying the resources through the command line is not usually recommended. For WGE the recommended way is to commit the result of the
create tenants command to source control and let
flux handle deployment. To achieve that you can save the result of the
export to a file:
gitops create tenants --from-file tenants.yaml --export > clusters/management/tenants.yaml